3 Olive-y things

It’s olive season here in NZ and trees are laden with olives! Since becoming a zero waster it’s hard to walk away from anything that may go to waste. There are many olive trees near where I live, I also have one in my garden. Here are three olivey things I’m doing right now.

Preserved Olives

IMG_20160517_135829694_HDR

I followed the method found on this blog and have had good results :

Tips:

  • You will have to soak them for up to three weeks and change the water each day. When you drain off the water use it to water your pot plants.
  • Smaller olives are mainly all pip so find an olive tree that has big fat olives.
  • Preserving olives requires you to slit or prick each one, so getting the bigger olives is a lot easier to do this.
IMG_20160515_090329562
I found a tree up the road that has nice fat olives. I asked before picking of course.

Olive Leaf Tea

IMG_20160223_125259599
Excuse the beetroot juice in the background.

Really simple! Pick some leaves, leave to dry out of the sunlight, this could take a couple of weeks. You then put into a processor or a bullet thingee to blend to a tea like consistency.

IMG_20160223_121127303
The leaves will curl and become crispy when dried completely.

Composting the leaves

IMG_20160515_115427470
My neighbour must love that I sweep up leaves from their driveway.

The leaves from olive trees can make a bit of a mess on the ground but are great to use for the brown layer for your compost.

I was invited recently to join a group of people who were given permission to pick olives from an olive orchard and then use their olive press to make oil. Unfortunately I couldn’t make it but it’s good to know that these opportunities exist.

Happy olive season!

 

Advertisements

Sewing for less waste

I must confess I have way too many hobbies, and sewing is one of them. I am an amateur sewer, and can pretty much only sew a straight(ish) line. But that seems to be all I need to whip up a few zero waste essentials such as bags and well, more bags, actually mainly bags.

Sewing supplies are nearly always at op shops, and sometimes they are not necessarily ‘sewing supplies’. I have used shoe laces, mosquito netting, sheets and pillow cases to make bags.

Pillow cases can be turned into bags easily by cutting through the middle and sewing the edges together and if you can manage, sew a casing at the top to pull a drawstring through.

Here’s my how to tutorial:

IMG_20160425_123310637
The pillow case, scissors and braided string were bought from an op shop.

Depending how many bags you want, cut through the middle as shown in the picture below. I have chosen to make three bags in this instance, two smaller and one large.

IMG_20160501_155033145

For the smaller bags made from the bottom end of the pillow case it’s a matter of sewing one side together and leaving 2-3 centimetres at the open end (this is if you intend to put drawstring in).

IMG_20160501_160027173
Turn the fabric inside out before you start sewing.

Use an iron or pins to fold a casing along the top and stitch around the edge. Using a safety pin thread your string through the casing.

IMG_20160514_145709179
A close up showing the stitching of one side and casing with an opening for the drawsrting.

For the bags or bag you will make from the top section of the pillow case you will need to do a bit of unpicking and cutting to remove the flap. You will be left with two open ends and partially sewn sides. Sew across the bottom, sew one of the sides to the top, and on the other side as above leave 2-3 centimetres open to leave an opening for a drawstring if needed. Fold the top to create a casing and stitch around the edge. Thread through string.

These bags have endless uses!

  • produce bag
  • bread bag
  • lunch bag
  • nappy bag
  • toy bag
  • toiletry bag
  • gift bag

IMG_20160514_142856914

And that flap of fabric you removed – don’t throw it away, it can be used to make a headband! Or keep it in a bag of scrap material to one day make a rag rug or string made from scrap fabric twisted together.

IMG_20160514_120553744
Sew in a piece of elastic

 

I believe there is enough stuff in this world. Let’s reuse, redistribute and make do.

I write this post upon seeing the documentary True Cost a revealing documentary about the fashion industry. If you haven’t seen this I urge you to do so.

Goat farming isn’t for everyone

When transitioning to zero waste you become aware of all the things that you can make for yourself in order to remove packaging from your home. When I was transitioning to zero waste I experimented and tried to make many things from scratch. It’s now been over a year since my family began zero waste and I have figured out that there are some things that I can do without, or are easier to buy.

Soap 

I have never made soap and I am not likely to do so in the near future. A store brand of unpackaged soap is available from Huckleberry Farms and you can buy The Eco Store soap there too which is also unpackaged. I used to make hand wash and dishwash liquid which was simply grated soap and water. Now we do without the DIY liquids and clean pots and pans with baking soda and vinegar and hands and body with an old school bar of soap.

IMG_20160318_091456217
Ria’s Natural Health Soap. An online order delivery.

I also like using shampoo bars for my hair ( I also use baking soda and vinegar ). They are great for travelling as they are small and double as a body soap. Shampoo bars can be bought unpackaged from Lush stores, I get mine from Ria’s Natural Health Soap – great prices and amazing variety.

Bread

IMG_20150829_120858
Homemade sourdough – recipe from Michael Pollan’s book ‘Cooked; A Natural History of Transformation’.

I love home-made bread, especially sourdough. I have made it in the past and have had pretty good results. When making sourdough it is a 2 day process (excluding the time to grow the initial bug), which requires some close attention.

We decided making sourdough or bread made with yeast is not worth our time and effort, especially as the kids don’t really eat much of it, nor is it a staple of mine or Max’s diet. However, I do still occasionally buy it to keep in the freezer for visitors or the odd occasion when the kids do feel like it. Our local bakery makes a nice wholemeal loaf and they are used to using my cloth bags.

IMG_20160116_101926913
Our local baker Rachel from ‘Four Seasons Bakery’ on West Tamaki Road.

 

Dishwasher Powder

I tried a few recipes for dishwasher powder but found they often required more ingredients than I was prepared to use or yielded poor results. We tried for a very short period not using the dishwasher, however the ease got the better of us so we decided to buy dishwasher powder that is available in bulk at Bin Inn.

20150104_110622
Cleaning product variety at Bin Inn.

 

I am always looking for ways to simplify our home life whilst being zero waste. For us it’s a matter of weighing up cost, logistics and practicality. I never want to be guilty of going out of my way in order to prove a point. I’ll leave you with this gem that makes me laugh and I never want to be THAT person.

I stumbled across this on the net, it’s from 2010 author: Magpie Industries, on a discussion thread on producing elektronika music.

 

3 Garden Things

I have a small plot at home plus some plants in containers that I try my best to keep on top of. I almost always grow from seed and adapt permaculture principles where possible to ensure a productive and sustainable garden. I like to grow a wide variety of vegetables and I acknowledge that I am lucky to have the space and time to do so. So I thought I would recommend three edible plants that are highly productive, hardy and versatile for those considering gardening that may have little time and space.

IMG_20160221_160613737
Summer crops are coming to an end. Banana tree trunks line the edge to stop the kikuyu weed getting into the garden. An old play pen rail is used for a trellis for my cucumbers.

Silverbeet aka Swiss Chard

IMG_20160228_143009663
Red and yellow stemmed swiss chard growing in a container.

Silverbeet can be grown throughout the year, the white stalk silverbeet is commonly sold however yellow and red stemmed silverbeet are easily grown and have slightly differing flavours. It’s a great leafy green to add to soups and stews, the stalks are edible too but require slightly longer cooking time (a minute or so longer). The leaves can also be chopped finely and eaten raw in salads or if you have large leaves use them for wraps, layering between vegetable bakes, or blanch them to make dolmas in replacement of grape leaves. It is highly productive and hardy and will eventually go to seed. Plant seeds every couple of months to ensure an all year round supply.

Rhubarb

IMG_20160228_143122043
Rhubarb grows amongst the native spinach.

Perhaps the most hardy in my garden and is another plant that grows all year round. The stems are the part you eat, (the leaves are poisonous, so don’t eat them – put them into your compost heap.) This plant can get quite big so if you plan to grow in a container, use a large one. We mostly stew our rhubarb and enjoy it with muesli or porridge, or for desserts like rhubarb crumble. Stewed rhubarb also freezes well.

Peas

IMG_20151016_160049284
Marcy loves eating peas straight from the garden.

I especially like growing peas because my toddler loves picking, opening and eating them. They are also good for school lunches and require no prepping or wrapping – just throw them in! Raw peas are nice in salads and freshly picked steamed peas with a little butter is delicious. Peas require a trellis to latch and climb on to so erect this first before planting so you don’t disturb the roots or other plants. If you have small children plant them in your garden or in a container where they can have easy access to so pick them. My experience with growing peas has only been in the cooler months in year with a Spring time harvest.

Those are my top three easy and versatile edible plants – please share in the comments your recommendations, I would love to hear from people!

Lunches for big & small

School has begun and work is back to it’s steady pace so back in full swing is homework, early nights, drop off’s and pick ups, clean uniforms and of course a packed lunch each day. An adequate lunch for the eight year old and the city worker requires a bit of prep during the week and is always determined by seasonal and zero waste foods.

Our eight year old is a bit of a picky eater, however she doesn’t tire of the foods that she does like easily, so her school lunches are the same each day until she does eventually decide she wants a change. However, I don’t think she will ever tire of popcorn. Whoever rises first makes up first a small batch each morning, any leftovers are eaten by the toddler or set aside for after school snacking.

At the moment for her lunch she likes eating a mix of rice and quinoa (50:50 ratio cooked in vegetable stock), we cook perhaps 1-2 batches at night per week, it’s also handy to have in the fridge for Max’s lunch and last minute dinner concoctions. A piece of seasonal fruit and/or vegetables and a home-made treat are staples in her lunch-box. When we do buy lunch on the go a good option is sushi which I get made to order, left uncut and put in a cloth napkin.

IMG_20160216_064417577
Max’s to go breakfast & lunch. Top Right: breakfast :steel cut oats with flaxseed and stewed plums and rhubarb. Left: kumara and tomato. Bottom right: lentil patties with marrow chutney, avo and fermented tomato sauce.

Max’s lunch is almost always leftover dinner or concoctions from various foods in the fridge and pantry. On the days he buys lunch, usually sushi, he takes his own container, which is praised by the sushi lady who often gives him treats such as tofu pockets or kimchi. He also buys on occasion Revive, which is bought in compostable packaging (tried and failed to use own container). Another good option in the city is the Hare Krishna food stall that is active during the university semester (Wednesday 12 – 2 @ Auckland Uni, Thursday 12 – 2 @ AUT), it is only 5$ and even allows a second helping at no extra cost which is bought home to add to dinner or for my lunch the following day.

2016-02-19
A refill to be bought home from the hare krishna food stall, even includes dessert!

Making your own waste free takeaway breakfast/lunch may take a little time but it is cheaper in most cases and it is one less thing you need to think about at work (what shall I have for lunch today?). However, for the days when you do feel like buying something opt for a food place that uses real plates and cutlery and sit down and enjoy your lunch – you deserve it! Or use your trusty reusable containers to take away.

Tips:

  • Steel cut oats are available in bulk bins where I live and are great to have prepared in the fridge for breakfast. We use The Zero Waste Chef’s method of cooking steel cut oats.
  • Get your children cooking! Our eight year old is now baking her lunchbox treat. At the moment her favourite (and mine!) is banana oat chocolate cookies, which we call ‘mookies’ because their appearance and texture are a cross between a cookie and a muffin – well that’s the result we get.
  • Buy bread/rolls loose in your own cloth bag from a local bakery.
  • Keep a napkin and container in your car or bag for the unexpected.
  • I came across this great online resource from the Nelson City Council that clearly outlays the cost difference between a packaged lunch and unpackaged lunch. It’s a PDF so you can download it for your reference.
  • Kids Spot NZ also have some great tips and ideas for rubbish free lunches.

Q & A

IMG_20160117_104850015_HDR

After appearing on TV3 news we had an overwhelming response with people really enthusiastic about what we are doing and wanting to learn more. It was an interesting experience going on national television and I thought that we appeared perhaps more extreme than we really are. There were also a lot of questions posted on the TV3 Facebook page so here are the answers to the most common.

Are we vegetarians?

Yes, well more like flexitarians. We don’t normally eat meat but on the odd occasion we may buy some for the kids or eat meat in a situation where it is appropriate. We eat fish infrequently in small quantities and mussels often as they are cheap. We always take our own containers when shopping and in all cases prefer wild caught or home killed meat and seafood.

Do we eat dairy?

Yes. We get raw milk using stainless steel milk cans direct from a farm which we acknowledge is probably not a realistic option for most people. We are exceptionally lucky as we have a family member who lives rurally and collects this for us prior to visiting, we then freeze the milk in plastic bottles (which we reuse) and take out when needed. Cheese and butter we buy from the supermarket. The cheese wrapping we recycle at the soft plastic recycling station at our local Pak’n’Save and the paper from the butter we put in the compost heap.

What was in our rubbish? (See previous post ‘A month in, lessons learnt.’)

On the news clip I was just quoted as saying ‘plasticy stuff’ and ‘items that have a short life span’, which doesn’t give people a good idea at all. The story also didn’t mention that we recycle. We had planned to tip the bin out at the end of the year and do a thorough audit however a newborn, toddler, and Christmas got on top of us and the best we could do at the time was rifle through the bin with our hands. So from the rifle and from memory here are the contents:

Plastic and Miscellaneous

Broken toys- dolls, stationery  (I had someone give me a box of plastic toys which I accepted out of courtesy- 90% of it was broken or poor condition, this went in my bin), around 4 damp rid devices, shoes – at least 4 pairs, a weed mat approx 1.5 by 1 metre. All of this took up a decent amount of 140 litres. The rest was random stuff – sticky things, pill packets, styrofoam meat trays that came from gifted homekill meat, non recyclable or compostable food wrapping, broken glass and ceramics and some clothes (ripped and synthetic so not suitable for compost or charity shops).

Recycling

I regret not keeping better track of my recycling. We put the bin out infrequently throughout the year, perhaps around 4 or 5 times. Mostly comprising of cans, punnets, newspapers, junkmail, paper, tetra packs.

Soft plastics we had in our landfill bin until the latter part of the year then I fished them out for soft plastic recycling. We bought a new shed that came in a box with individually wrapped sheets of metal. The packaging from this filled 1/4 of our landfill bin until I took it out for recycling. Cheese packaging, toilet paper packaging, and some other food packets went to the soft plastics recycling.

Do we grow all our own fruit and vegetables?

IMG_20160109_181440657
Tomatoes and corn at PERA community garden

No. We grow what we can in our small garden and containers, and belong to a community garden that also supplements our diet. Carrots, potatoes and kumara are among staples that we buy either from the supermarket or local market on a weekly basis. I also belong to a local food and garden group, we meet once a month to share and swap plants, fresh produce, and seeds.

Do we brush our teeth with baking soda and what’s a bamboo toothbrush?

Max and I use baking soda for our cleaning teeth, the kids use store bought toothpaste. We use Go Bamboo brand toothbrushes which look exactly like a normal one but the handle is made from bamboo and the bristles are biodegradable.

A month in, lessons learnt.

Things have settled down a bit in our household so we were able to do a thorough audit of our waste from the month of January, which we will use to evaluate and make some decisions for our waste-less year ahead.

Landfill Waste

IMG_20160131_081610305

Starting top left clockwise.

Pill packets and nasal spray bottle, expired credit card and gift cards, kinesio tape, ear buds and plasters, stringy, spongy, and sticky stuff, plastic bottle rims and seals, loom bands, semi melted top off my grater (oops), clothes pegs, broken bathroom tap piece ($300 plumbing emergency on a Saturday morning), clothing tags, plastic rim from a tub of coconut oil, broken toys, butter and cream cheese wrapping.

Due to a course of antibiotics, hayfever and an injury that required anti-inflammatories we produced more medical waste than normal. The eight year old got her ears pierced so we needed some ear buds, which we borrowed from a friend before purchasing compostable bamboo buds. We buy fabric plasters that come in a long roll which you cut as opposed to individually wrapped plasters.

Lessons learnt:

Replace plastic clothes pegs with wooden ones.

Unsalted butter is preferred but I can do with salted butter that comes wrapped in paper.

Kerbside Recycling

IMG_20160131_085138940

Left corner clockwise.

Berry punnets, ice cream containers, honey container, cream bottles, scrap books, junkmail, receipts, scrap paper, food+bathroom+laundry+medicine packets, olive oil, movie popcorn tub, tetra packs.

Berry punnets, tetra packs and cans make up a significant portion of our recycling. Despite growing strawberries at home and making a trip to The Strawberry Farm in Mangere to stock up package free, it still wasn’t enough for my kids’ insatiable appetite for fresh berries especially blueberries which were the majority of the punnets.

Lessons learnt:

Investigate more options for ‘pick your own’ berries and buy in large quantities, freezing the excess. We have been considering getting a chest freezer and this would be a another good reason to do so.

Buy dried pulses (lentils, chickpeas, etc) in bulk instead of in cans, buying a pressure cooker may be good option.

Investigate making our own plant milk, a cursory search shows making nut and oat milk to be simple and non time consuming.

Soft Plastic Recycling

IMG_20160131_142948

Top left clockwise.

Incense packet, syringe packet, plastic filler from courier delivery, sweet packets, tofu packet, banana wrapper tape, ice cream seal lid, courier package invoice envelope, teabag packet, 2 cheese packets, 5 tempeh packets, toilet paper wrapper.

Tempeh packets made up a significant portion of our soft plastic which led us on a tempeh journey. We contacted Tonzu and had no luck with requesting it package free although Tofu may be a possibility. We then did some research and found a small scale manufacturer in Grey Lynn who learnt their craft in Indonesia, they also use plastic bags to seal the tempeh before fermentation and advised this is the norm for modern commercial production. Traditionally tempeh was fermented in banana leaves, but I guess commercially using banana leaves would not be practical.

A six pack of toilet paper that comes in paper packaging is easily available, however it is three times the price we pay for 18 rolls. We are not about to break the bank to prove a point.

I had found a local store that has bulk black tea however I didn’t particularly like the taste. So I have gone back to using teabags (which I compost), we buy a pack of 200 to last us and save packaging.

Lessons learnt:

Remember to request no excess packaging or filler when ordering online.

Investigate unpackaged tofu at asian supermarkets as an alternative to tempeh, however part of the reason we choose Tonzu tempeh and tofu is we have greater trust in the source and like the values of the company.

Continue to investigate toilet roll alternatives, at this point though we believe we have investigated almost all options including commercial suppliers, and nothing that is not plastic wrapped is cost effective.

Countdown has cling wrapped cheese for sale in varying weights, we tried to approach them previously regarding getting cheese cut to order in our own containers and didn’t get very far but we will try again this year.

Overall we think we did pretty well for the month. As a family of five on a single modest income, cost, logistics and practicality still inform our approach to zero waste, so this audit would be fairly indicative of our monthly waste going forward in 2016.

IMG_20160204_171239498_HDR
Total landfill weight for January 2016 -284 grams